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Titolo An update on renal replacement therapy in Europe: ERA-EDTA Registry data from 1997 to 2006
Autore Anneke Kramer1, Vianda Stel1, Carmine Zoccali2, James Heaf3, David Ansell4, Carola Gr¨onhagen-Riska5, Torbjørn Leivestad6, Keith Simpson7, Run´olfur P´alsson8, Maurizio Postorino2 and Kitty Jager1 - 1ERA-EDTA Registry, Department of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2CNR-IBIM Clinical Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Renal and Transplantation Unit, Ospedali Riuniti, Reggio Calabria, Italy, 3Department of Nephrology, Copenhagen University Hospital at Herlev, Herlev, Denmark, 4The UK Renal Registry, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK, 5Finnish Registry for Kidney Diseases, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland, 6Norway Renal Registry, Institute of Immunology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway, 7Scottish Renal Registry, Glasgow Royal Infirmacy, Glasgow, Scotland, UK and 8Division of Nephrology, Landspitali University Hospital and University of Iceland Faculty of Medicine, Reykjavik, Iceland
Referenza Nephrol Dial Transplant (2009) 1 of 10 doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfp519
Contenuto Background. Recent studies have indicated a stabilization in the incidence rates of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in a number of European countries. The aim of this study was to provide an update on the incidence, prevalence and outcomes of RRT in Europe over the past decade. Methods. Nineteen European national or regional renal registries with registry data from 1997 to 2006 participated in the study. Incidence and prevalence trends were analysed with Poisson and Joinpoint regression. Cox regression methods were used to examine patient survival. Results. The total adjusted incidence rate of RRT for ESRD increased from 109.9 per million population (pmp) in 1997 to 119.7 pmp in 2000, i.e. an average annual percentage change (AAPC) of 2.9% (95% CI 2.1-3.8%). Thereafter, the incidence increased at a much lower rate to 125.4 pmp in 2006 [AAPC 0.6% (95% CI 0.3-0.8%)]. This change in the trend of the incidence of RRT was largely due to a stabilization in the incidence rates of RRT for females aged 65-74 years, males aged 75-84 years and patients receiving RRT for ESRD due to hypertension/renal vascular disease. The overall adjusted prevalence in Europe continued to increase linearly at 2.7% per year. Between the periods 1997-2001 and 2002-2006, the risk of death decreased for all treatment modalities, with the most substantial improvement in patients starting peritoneal dialysis [19% (95% CI 15-22%)] and in patients receiving a kidney transplant [17% (95% CI 11-23%)]. Conclusion. This European study shows that the annual rise of the overall incidence rate of RRT for ESRD has diminished and that in several age groups the incidence rates have now stabilized. The survival of dialysis patients and kidney transplant recipients has continued to improve.
Data 21.10.2009
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