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Titolo New strategies in haemodiafiltration (HDF): prospective comparative analysis between on-line mixed HDF and mid-diluition HDF
Autore A. Feliciani, M.A. Riva, S. Zerbi, P. Ruggiero, A.R. Plati, G. Cozzi, L.A. Pedrini - Nephrology and Dyslis Department, Bolognini Hospital, Seriate, Bergamo, Italy
Referenza Nephrol Dial Transplant 2007; doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfm023
Contenuto Background. Improvement in the uraemic toxicity profile obtained with the application of convective and mixed dialysis techniques has stimulated the development of more efficient strategies. Our study was a prospective randomized evaluation of the clinical and technical characteristics of two new haemodiafiltration (HDF) strategies, mixed HDF and mid-dilution HDF, which have recently been proposed with the aim of increasing efficiency and safety with respect to the standard traditional HDF infusion modes. Methods. Ten stable patients on renal replacement therapy (mean age 64.78.2 years) were submitted in randomized sequence to one mid-week session of middilution HDF and one of mixed HDF with transmembrane pressure feedback control. All sessions were carried out under similar operating conditions and involved monitoring pressure within the internal dialyser compartments and calculating the rheological and hydraulic indexes. Efficiency in removing urea, phosphate and b2-microglobulin (b2-m) was tested. Results. In mixed HDF, safer and more effective flux/ pressure conditions resulted in better preservation of the hydraulic and solute membrane permeability (mean in vivo ultrafiltration coefficient 36.93.9 vs 20.13.3 ml/h/mmHg) and ensured higher volume exchange (38.74.2 vs 35.36.5 l/session, P¼0.02) and greater efficiency in removing small and middle molecules (mean urea clearance: 27442 vs 26447 ml/min, P¼0.028; eKt/V: 1.780.22 vs 1.710.26, P¼0.036; mean phosphate clearance: 13816 vs 11645 ml/min, P¼0.2; mean b2-m clearance: 8113 vs 5913 ml/min, P¼0.001). Conclusions. Mixed HDF was the most efficient technique in the highest range of safe operating conditions. In mid-dilution HDF, high pressures generated inside the dialyser compromised membrane permeability and limited the total infusion rate, resulting in an overall reduction in solute removal.
Data 16.03.2007
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