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Titolo Dialyzer membrane characteristics and outcome of patients with type 2 diabetes on maintenance hemodialysis
Autore V. Krane, H.D. Krieter, M. Olschewski, W. März, J.F.E. Mann, E. Ritz, C. Wanner, for the German Diabetes and Dialysis Study Investigators
Referenza Am J Kidney Dis 2007; doi 10.1053-j.ajkd.2006.11.026
Contenuto Background: Effects of dialyzer membrane characteristics on morbidity and mortality are highly controversial. Methods: Post hoc, we analyzed data from the German Diabetes and Dialysis Study that evaluated atorvastatin in high-risk patients. Four groups were identified being constantly dialyzed with high-flux synthetic (n _ 241), low-flux synthetic (n _ 247), low-flux semisynthetic (n _ 119), or ellulosic low-flux membranes (n _ 41). Two end points were investigated: (1) a cardiovascular end point consisting of ìcardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke and (2) death. Results: After 4 years of follow-up, adjusted multivariate relative risks (RRs) were calculated. The RR to reach a cardiovascular end point was greater for patients dialyzed with cellulosic low-flux (RR, 2.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.38 to 3.94; P _ 0.002), low-flux semisynthetic (RR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.35 to 2.73; P _ 0.0003), or low-flux synthetic membranes (RR, 1.35; 95% CI, 0.99 to 1.85; P _ 0.06) than for those treated with high-flux synthetic dialyzers. The likelihood to die was greater with cellulosic low-flux (RR, 4.14; 95% CI, 2.79 to 6.15; P _ 0.0001), low-flux semisynthetic (RR, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.66 to 3.02; P _ 0.0001), and low-flux synthetic membranes (RR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.22 to 2.07; P _ 0.0006) than with high-flux synthetic membranes. With respect to low-flux synthetic membranes, RRs of mortality for patients using cellulosic low-flux and low-flux semisynthetic membranes were 161% (RR, 2.61; 95%CI, 1.80 to 3.79; P _ 0.0001) and 41% (RR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.86; P _ 0.016) greater. Cellulosic low-flux membrane use was associated with an 85% (RR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.24 to 2.76; P _ 0.0025) greater RR of death than low-flux semisynthetic membranes. Conclusion: These data suggest that biocompatibility and permeability may impact on death and cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Data 22.01.2007
 
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