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Titolo Body composition and cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients.
Autore Y. Nishizawa, T. Shoji, E. Ishimura
Referenza Journal of Renal Nutrition 2006; 16 (3) 241-244
Contenuto Department of Metabolism, Endocrinology, and Molecular Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan. Death rate is unacceptably elevated in end-stage renal disease patients treated with hemodialysis. Excessive body fat, or obesity, is the well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease and other health problems in the general population. However, hemodialysis patients with a higher body mass index (BMI) have a lower risk of death, as shown by many studies. There are several explanations for the paradox of BMI in dialysis patients. First, although body mass is composed of fat mass and fat-free mass (lean mass), it is unknown which is more important, fat mass or lean mass, in predicting outcome of hemodialysis patients. Second, it is also possible that functions of adipose tissue are altered in renal failure so that accumulation of body fat leads to less atherogenicity and beneficial properties become predominant. Third, an increased fat mass may be protective against death after harmful events. In this article, we explore these possibilities using either the data of our own cohort of hemodialysis patients or the existing registry data of Japan. We conclude that in hemodialysis patients, fat mass rather than lean mass plays a protective role against mortality, that the fat mass-adipocytokine relationship is altered, and that a low BMI is associated with increased risk of fatality after cardiovascular events rather than the risk of occurrence of such events.
Data 25.07.2006
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