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Titolo Dialysis patients and cardiovascular problems: can technology solve the complex equation?
Autore C. Ronco, C. Tetta
Referenza Expert Rev. Med. Devices 2005 - 2 (6): 681-687
Contenuto Patients with end-stage kidney disease undergoing chronic hemodialysis present higher mortality rates compared with the general population. Once patients are on hemodialysis, the risk of cardiovascular death is approximately 30-times higher than the general population, and still remains 10- to 20-times higher after stratification for age, gender and presence of diabetes. Approximately half of patient deaths on dialysis are attributed to cardiovascular causes, including coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease and heart failure. The cardiovascular burden of the hemodialysis patient arises from three different sources: risks inherent to the patient and the uremic syndrome, traditional risk factors and risk factors related to the dialysis therapy. Based on these considerations and the fact that several aspects of the dialysis procedure can cause either a cardiovascular burden or modify the burden already present, new technologies should be directed towards the approach of a possible ?cardioprotective dialysis therapy?. This approach may significantly contribute new techniques and new dialysis machines. Born to make dialysis easy and safe, the new machines feature several options that make monitoring and online hemodiafiltration a simple routine. These and other features could make dialysis better tolerated and more efficient in protecting from fatal cardiovascular events.
Data 28.10.2005
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