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Titolo Role of carnitine in modulating acute-phase protein synthesis in hemodialysis patients
Autore Guido Bellinghieri, Domenico Santoro, Menotti Calvani, Vincenzo Savica
Referenza Journal of Renal Nutrition - January 2005 - Volume 15 - Number 1
Contenuto Increased serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in uremic and dialysis patients are associated with low serum prealbumin and albumin concentrations and increased mortality and greater risk of cardiovascular disease. Proinflammatory cytokines may cause malnutrition by increasing protein catabolism. In a pilot study, we provided preliminary evidence that treatment with L-carnitine, 20 mg/kg 3 times weekly at the end of each hemodialysis treatment, was associated with a reduction in serum CRP levels and improvement in anabolic status. The improvement or normalization of serum concentrations of serum CRP also was correlated with increased serum concentrations of albumin, transferrin, and blood hemoglobin. The possibility that some or all of these changes may have been caused by improved nutritional intake cannot be ruled out. Further randomized clinical trials will be necessary to confirm the role of L-carnitine as a modulator of inflammatory protein synthesis in hemodialysis patients.
Data 15.02.2005
 
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