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Titolo Long-term effects of iron-based phosphate binder, sucroferric oxyhydroxide, in dialysis patients
Autore Jurgen Floege1, Adrian C. Covic2, Markus Ketteler3, Johannes F.E. Mann4, Anjay Rastogi5, Bruce Spinowitz6, Edward M.F. Chong7, Sylvain Gaillard7, Laura J. Lisk7 and Stuart M. Sprague8, on Behalf of the Sucroferric Oxyhydroxide Study Group
Referenza Nephrol Dial Transplant 2015; doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfv006
Contenuto

Background. Hyperphosphatemia necessitates the use of phosphate binders in most dialysis patients. Long-term efficacy and tolerability of the iron-based phosphate binder, sucroferric oxyhydroxide (previously known as PA21), was compared with that of sevelamer carbonate (sevelamer) in an open-label Phase III extension study.

 Methods. In the initial Phase III study, hemo- or peritoneal dialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia were randomized 2:1 to receive sucroferric oxyhydroxide 1.0−3.0 g/day (2−6 tablets/day; n = 710) or sevelamer 2.4−14.4 g/day (3−18 tablets/day; n = 349) for 24 weeks. Eligible patients could enter the 28-week extension study, continuing the same treatment and dose they were receiving at the end of the initial study.

Results. Overall, 644 patients were available for efficacy analysis (n = 384 sucroferric oxyhydroxide; n = 260 sevelamer). Serum phosphorus concentrations were maintained during the extension study. Mean ± standard deviation (SD) change in serum phosphorus concentrations from extension study baseline to Week 52 end point was 0.02 ± 0.52 mmol/L with sucroferric oxyhydroxide and 0.09 ± 0.58 mmol/L with sevelamer. Mean serum phosphorus concentrations remained within Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative target range (1.13–1.78 mmol/L) for both treatment groups. Mean (SD) daily tablet number over the 28-week extension study was lower for sucroferric oxyhydroxide (4.0 ± 1.5) versus sevelamer (10.1 ± 6.6). Patient adherence was 86.2% with sucroferric oxyhydroxide versus 76.9% with sevelamer. Mean serum ferritin concentrations increased over the extension study in both treatment groups, but transferrin saturation (TSAT), iron and hemoglobin concentrations were generally stable. Gastrointestinalrelated adverse events were similar and occurred early with both treatments, but decreased over time.

 Conclusions. The serum phosphorus-lowering effect of sucroferric oxyhydroxide was maintained over 1 year and associated with a lower pill burden, compared with sevelamer. Sucroferric oxyhydroxide was generally well tolerated long-term and there was no evidence of iron accumulation.

Data 16.04.2015
 
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