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Titolo Low Levels of Serum Ferritin Lead to Adequate Hemoglobin Levels and Good Survival in Hemodialysis Patients
Autore Chie Ogawa a, c Ken Tsuchiya b, c Fumiyoshi Kanda a, c Teiryo Maeda a, c a Maeda Institute of Renal Research, Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Kidney Center, b Tokyo Women’s Medical University, and c Biomarker Society, INC, Kawasaki City , Japan
Referenza Am J Nephrol 2014; 40:561–570

Background: The optimal level of serum ferritin (s-ft) for anemia control and good survival in hemodialysis (HD) patients remains unclear. A 10-year survey was performed to clarify the appropriate quantities of s-ft and investigate the relationships among s-ft, transferrin saturation (TSAT), and mortality in HD patients

Methods: HD outpatients (n = 125) treated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) were followed for 10 years. The ESA and low-dose iron supplement dosages were adjusted to maintain the hemoglobin (Hb) at 10–11 g/dl, according to Japanese guidelines. The Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank tests, and the Cox proportional hazards model were used for performing the statistical analyses. The interactions among the Hb, s-ft, and TSAT were analyzed using a multiple linear regression model. Patients with TSAT ≥ 20% were classified according to the s-ft cutoff values: group 1 (s-ft 80 ng/ml); TSAT <20% was a predictor of poor outcome.

Results: The survival rate in group 2 was significantly higher than that in other groups (p = 0.013), and the Cox proportional hazards model analysis showed a good effect of low levels of s-ft on patients’ survival. The multiple linear regression model showed a strong effect of s-ft on the Hb (log [s-ft], β-coefficient − 0.45: 95% confidence interval − 0.65 to − 0.26, p < 0.001).

Conclusion: This study revealed that low levels of s-ft have a beneficial effect on the outcome of HD patients receiving ESA. Thus, the optimal s-ft level might be lower than that established previously for these patients.

Data 27.03.2015
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