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Titolo High-Volume Postdilution Hemodiafiltration Is a Feasible Option in Routine Clinical Practice
Autore Daniele Marcelli, Caecilia Scholz, Pedro Ponce, Tania Sousa, Pascal Kopperschmidt, Aileen Grassmann, Bruno Pinto, and Bernard Canaud
Referenza Artificial Organs 2014; doi:10.1111/aor.12345
Contenuto

Abstract: Hemodiafiltration (HDF) with 20–22 L of substitution fluid is increasingly recognized as associated with significant benefits regarding patient outcome. However, some doubt exists as to whether these high volumes can be achieved in routine clinical practice. A total of 4176 sessions with 366 patients on postdilution HDF were analyzed in this 1-month observational cohort study with prospective data collection. All dialysis machines were equipped with AutoSub plus signal analysis software that automatically and continuously adapts the substitution fluid flow according to the blood flow, blood viscosity, and dialyzer characteristics. Percentages of sessions with different types of vascular access were compared regarding achievement of ≥21 L substitution fluid. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to study the independent relationship of selected variables with achievement of ≥21 L substitution volume. Patient- and dialysis-related variables that showed an association with the convection volume were entered in a multivariable model that included hematocrit up front.

Respectively, 87%, 84%, and 33% of routine sessions conducted with fistulas, grafts, and catheters qualified as highvolume HDF. Serum albumin levels ≥4.2 g/dL were positively associated with the achievement of at least 21 L substitution volume. Positive associations were also observed for blood flows in the ranges 350–399 and ≥400 mL/min compared with the reference range (300–350 mL/min), for longer treatment time, for fistula versus catheter, for higher filtration fraction, and for dialysis conducted at the end of the week versus Monday. It can be concluded that implementation and sustainability of highvolume HDF is possible in routine clinical practice for almost all patients treated with fistulas and grafts.

Data 08.10.2014
 
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