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Titolo Drug-drug interactions between sucroferric oxyhydroxide and losartan, furosemide, omeprazole, digoxin and warfarin in healthy subjects
Autore Edward Chong, Veena Kalia, Sandra Willsie, Peter Winkle
Referenza J Nephrol 20014; DOI 10.1007/s40620-014-0080-1

Background The novel iron-based phosphate binder sucroferric oxyhydroxide is being investigated for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia. Patients with chronic kidney disease often have multiple comorbidities that may necessitate the daily use of several types of medication. Therefore, the potential pharmacokinetic drug–drug interactions between sucroferric oxyhydroxide and selected drugs commonly taken by dialysis patients were investigated.

Methods Five Phase I, single-center, open-label, randomized, three-period crossover studies in healthy volunteers investigated the effect of a single dose of sucroferric oxyhydroxide 1 g (based on iron content) on the pharmacokinetics of losartan 100 mg, furosemide 40 mg, omeprazole 40 mg, digoxin 0.5 mg and warfarin 10 mg. Pharmacokinetic parameters [including area under the plasma concentration–time curve (AUC) from time 0 extrapolated to infinite time (AUC0–?) and from0 to 24 h (AUC0–24)] for these drugswere determined: alone in the presence of food; with sucroferric oxyhydroxide in the presence of food; 2 h after food and sucroferric oxyhydroxide administration.

Results Systemic exposure based on AUC0–? for all drugs, and AUC0–24 for all drugs except omeprazole (for which AUC 0–8 h was measured), was unaffected to a clinically significant extent by the presence of sucroferric oxyhydroxide, irrespective of whether sucroferric oxyhydroxide was administered with the drug or 2 h earlier.

Conclusions There is a low risk of drug–drug interactions between sucroferric oxyhydroxide and losartan, furosemide, digoxin and warfarin. There is also a low risk of drug–drug interaction with omeprazole (based on AUC0–?values). Therefore, sucroferric oxyhydroxide may be administered concomitantly without the need to adjust the dosage regimens of these drugs.

Data 08.05.2014
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