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Titolo Absolute blood volume in hemodialysis patients: why is it relevant, and how to measure it?
Autore Thijssen S, Kappel F, Kotanko P.
Referenza Blood Purif 2013; doi: 10.1159/000345484
Contenuto

Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is the most common complication during hemodialysis and is associated with significant morbidity. It occurs as a consequence of a reduction in blood volume during ultrafiltration. Today, devices for monitoring relative blood volume (i.e. the intradialytic blood volume as a fraction of the blood volume at the start of the dialysis treatment) are routinely available and have been used to analyze the relationship between changes in relative blood volume and the occurrence of IDH in an attempt to derive critical thresholds that, when observed, would help avoid hypotensive episodes during the treatment. However, the results have been unsatisfactory in many patients. Here we illustrate the importance of absolute blood volume in hemodialysis patients, summarize the acute physiologic mechanisms involved in the preservation of adequate circulation during ultrafiltration, and outline why hemodialysis patients are often particularly vulnerable to reductions in blood volume. We then discuss the shortcomings of relative blood volume measurements, make a case for the superiority of abso-lute blood volume measurements, and introduce the reader to a mathematical concept that allows relative blood volume devices to be used for the estimation of absolute blood volume. Finally, we discuss the implications of absolute blood volume beyond IDH and propose a paradigm shift in the approach to dry weight attainment.

Data 21.02.2013
 
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