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Titolo PERSPECTIVES OF PATIENTS, FAMILIES, AND HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS ON DECISION-MAKING ABOUT DIALYSIS MODALITY—THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE MISUNDERSTANDINGS!
Autore Konstadina Griva,1 Zhi Hui Li,1 Alden Yuanhong Lai,1 Meng Chan Choong,2 and Marjorie Wai Yin Foo2 - Department of Psychology,1 National University of Singapore, and Department of Nephrology,2 PD Centre, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
Referenza Perit Dial Int 2012; doi:10.3747/pdi.2011.00308
Contenuto

Objectives: This study explored the factors influencing decision-making about dialysis modality, integrating the perspectives of patients, their families, and health care professionals within an Asian population. The study further sought to understand the low penetration rate of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Singapore.

Methods: A sample of 59 participants comprising pre-dialysis patients, dialysis patients, caregivers, and health care professionals (HCPs) participated in semistructured interviews to explore the decision-making process and their views about various dialysis modalities.

Data were thematically analyzed using NVivo9 (QSR International, Doncaster, Australia) to explore barriers to and facilitators of various dialysis modalities and decisional support needs.

Results: Fear of infection, daily commitment to PD, and misperceptions of PD emerged as barriers to PD. Side effects, distance to dialysis centers, and fear of needling and pain were barriers to hemodialysis (HD). The experiences of other patients, communicated informally or opportunistically, influenced the preferences and choices of patients and family members for a dialysis modality. Patients and families value input from HCPs and yet express strong needs to discuss subjective experiences of life on dialysis (PD or HD) with other patients before making a decision about dialysis modality.

Conclusions: Pre-dialysis education should expand its focus on the family as the unit of care and should provide opportunities for interaction with dialysis patients and for peer-led learning. Barriers to PD, especially misperceptions and misunderstandings, can be targeted to improve PD uptake.

Data 20.06.2013
 
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