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Titolo Two-in-One Protocol: Simultaneous Small-Pore and Ultrasmall-Pore Peritoneal Transport Quantification
Autore Ana Paula Bernardo, M. Auxiliadora Bajo, Olivia Santos, Gloria del Peso, Maria João Carvalho, António Cabrita, Rafael Selgas and Anabela Rodrigues
Referenza Perit Dial Int 2012; 32: 537-544

Background: Reduced free water transport (FWT) through ultrasmall pores contributes to net ultrafiltration failure (UFF) and should be seen as a sign of more severe functional deterioration of the peritoneal membrane. The modified peritoneal equilibration test (PET), measuring the dip in dialysate Na concentration, estimates only FWT. Our aim was to simultaneously quantify small-solute transport, FWT, and small-pore ultrafiltration (SPUF) during a single PET procedure.

Methods: We performed a 4-hour, 3.86% glucose PET, with additional measurement of ultrafiltration (UF) at 60 minutes, in 70 peritoneal dialysis patients (mean age: 50± 16 years; 61% women; PD vintage: 26 ± 23 months). We calculated the dialysate-to-plasma ratios (D/P) of creatinine and Na at 0 and 60 minutes, and the Na dip (DipD/PNa60′), the delta dialysate Na 0–60 (ΔDNa0–60), FWT, and SPUF.

Results: Sodium sieving (as measured by ΔDNa0–60) cor­related strongly with the corrected DipD/PNa60′ (r = 0.85, p < 0.0001) and the corrected FWT (r = 0.41, p = 0.005). Total UF showed better correlation with FWT than with indirect measurements of Na sieving (r = 0.46, p < 0.0001 for FWT; r = 0.360, p < 0.0001 for DipD/PNa60′). Corrected FWT frac­tion was 0.45 ± 0.16. A negative correlation was found between time on PD and both total UF and FWT (r = –0.253, p = 0.035 and r = –0.272, p = 0.023 respectively). The 11 patients (15.7%) diagnosed with UFF had lower FWT (89 mL vs 164 mL, p < 0.05) and higher D/P creatinine (0.75 vs 0.70, p < 0.05) than did the group with normal UF. The SPUF correlated positively with FWT in the normal UF group, but negatively in UFF patients (r = –0.709, p = 0.015). Among UFF patients on PD for a longer period, 44.4% had a FWT percentage below 45%.

Conclusions: Measurement of FWT and SPUF is fea­sible by simultaneous quantification during a modified 3.86% glucose PET, and FWT is a decisive parameter for detecting causes of UFF in addition to increased effective capillary surface.

Data 15.04.2013
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