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Titolo The Effects of Biocompatible Compared with Standard Peritoneal Dialysis Solutions on Peritonitis Microbiology, Treatment, and Outcomes: the balANZ Trial
Autore David W. Johnson, Fiona G. Brown, Margaret Clarke, Neil Boudville, Tony J. Elias, Marjorie W.Y. Foo, Bernard Jones, Hemant Kulkarni, Robyn Langham, Dwarakanathan Ranganathan, John Schollum, Michael G. Suranyi, Seng H. Tan, David Voss and the balANZ Trial Investigators
Referenza Perit Dial Int 2012; 32: 497-506

Background: A multicenter, multi-country randomized controlled trial (the balANZ study) recently reported that peritonitis rates significantly improved with the use of neutral-pH peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions low in glucose degradation products (“biocompatible”) compared with standard solutions. The present paper reports a secondary outcome analysis of the balANZ trial with respect to peri­tonitis microbiology, treatment, and outcomes.

Methods: Adult incident PD patients with residual renal function were randomized to receive either biocompatible or conventional (control) PD solutions for 2 years.

Results: The safety population analysis for peritonitis included 91 patients in each group. The unadjusted geo­metric mean peritonitis rates in those groups were 0.30 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.22 to 0.41] episodes per patient–year for the biocompatible group and 0.49 (95% CI: 0.39 to 0.62) episodes per patient–year for the control group [incidence rate ratio (IRR): 0.61; 95% CI: 0.41 to 0.90; p = 0.01]. When specific causative organisms were examined, the rates of culture-negative, gram-positive, gram-negative, and polymicrobial peritonitis episodes were not significantly different between the biocompatible and control groups, although the biocompatible group did experience a significantly lower rate of non-pseudomonal gram-negative peritonitis (IRR: 0.41; 95% CI: 0.18 to 0.92; p = 0.03). Initial empiric antibiotic regimens were com­parable between the groups. Biocompatible fluid use did not significantly reduce the risk of peritonitis-associated hospitalization (adjusted odds ratio: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.48 to 1.34), but did result in a shorter median duration of peritonitis-associated hospitalization (6 days vs 11 days, p = 0.05). Peritonitis severity was more likely to be rated as mild in the biocompatible group (37% vs 10%, p = 0.001). Overall peritonitis-associated technique fail­ures and peritonitis-related deaths were comparable in the two groups.

Conclusions: Biocompatible PD fluid use was associated with a broad reduction in gram-positive, gram-negative, and culture-negative peritonitis that reached statistical significance for non-pseudomonal gram-negative organ­isms. Peritonitis hospitalization duration was shorter, and peritonitis severity was more commonly rated as mild in patients receiving biocompatible PD fluids, although other peritonitis outcomes were comparable between the groups.

Data 17.04.2013
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